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Nutrient components of shiitake mushrooms The following points explain the beneficial nutrients content of shiitake mushrooms:
A good source of many beneficial nutrients:
Shiitake mushrooms contain several substances that help reduce cholesterol, such as eritadenine, a compound that inhibits the action of an enzyme that contributes to the production of cholesterol, and sterols ( sterols);
which represents a group of molecules that help inhibit the absorption of cholesterol in the intestine, in addition to beta-glucan; It is a dietary fiber that may help reduce cholesterol levels as well.
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Good source of minerals and vitamins:
Shiitake mushrooms contain vitamin D, which is available in some types in good quantities, in addition to being rich in zinc, manganese, copper, and many B vitamins.
Benefits of shiitake mushrooms according to the degree of effectiveness:
There is insufficient evidence of its effectiveness. Here are the results of some studies that indicated some of the uncertain benefits of shiitake mushrooms, which still need more studies to prove their effectiveness:
Helping lower cholesterol levels:
A preliminary study conducted on mice with high cholesterol levels and published in the Journal of Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine in 2013 indicated that supplementation with shiitake mushrooms may contribute to reducing the levels of total and harmful cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, in addition to reducing the level of fat accumulated in the liver, which may help improve The metabolism of fats, and the inhibition of the formation of plaques that cause atherosclerosis, and this effect is due to its content of the compound Erytadine mentioned above, and it is worth noting that the results of this study have not yet been confirmed in humans.
Help lower blood pressure:
A preliminary study conducted on rats with high blood pressure and published in the Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology indicated that the consumption of shiitake mushroom powder has reduced the level of blood pressure, and thus mushroom consumption can reduce the risk of high blood pressure in people with hypertension, but still More studies are needed to confirm these results in humans.
Shiitake mushroom is used in some other cases, but more studies and evidence are still needed to confirm its effectiveness in this, as follows:
- Contribute to the improvement of diabetes.
- Reducing the symptoms of influenza and colds.
Scientific studies on the benefits of shiitake mushrooms:
A study conducted on healthy women and men between the ages of 21-41 and published in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition in 2015 indicated that consuming whole or dried shiitake mushrooms for four weeks may contribute to enhancing the health and functions of the immune system; It has been shown that it increases the proliferation and activation of immune cells, the level of secretion of immunoglobulin A, and it also reduces inflammation by decreasing the level of C-reactive protein and other pro-inflammatory cytokines.
On the other hand, it is worth noting that its consumption by people with autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and lupus, as the consumption of shiitake mushrooms may increase the severity of its symptoms due to its role in stimulating the immune system, and therefore should be avoided by them.
It was also found that shiitake mushrooms may interfere with some immunosuppressive drugs, thus reducing their effect. Therefore, it is recommended to be careful and consult a doctor before consuming these drugs, which are explained in the drug interactions section.
A laboratory study published in BioMed Research International in 2011 indicated that shiitake mushroom extract may contribute to alleviating gingivitis;
It has been found to reduce the presence of some pathogenic organisms, including bacteria in the mouth called Fusobacterium nucleatum (scientific name: Fusobacterium nucleatum).
A study published in the International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents indicated that dried shiitake mushroom extract may help combat some types of bacteria by reducing their growth and presence, such as;
Streptococcus mutans and Prevotella intermedia.
A preliminary study conducted on mice with lymphoma and human cells with colon cancer and published in The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine in 2004 indicated that the content of shiitake mushrooms from Lentinan may contribute to reducing the risk of colon cancer, or its exacerbation;
It has been shown that this substance can reduce the size of the tumor, but this study was conducted on animals and has not yet been confirmed in humans.
The nutritional value of shiitake mushrooms The following table represents the nutritional value in 100 grams of shiitake mushrooms:
Water 82.91 ml Calories 56 calories Protein 1.55g Fat 0.22g Carbs 14.29 grams Fiber 2.1 g Sugars 3.81 grams Calcium 3 milligrams Iron 0.44 milligrams Magnesium 14 milligrams Phosphorous 29 milligrams Potassium 116 mg Sodium 269 mg Zinc 1.32 milligrams Copper 0.89 milligrams Selenium 24.6 micrograms Vitamin C 0.3 milligrams Vitamin B1 0.037 mg Vitamin B2 0.169 mg Vitamin B3 1.49 mg Vitamin B6 0.158 mg Folate 21 micrograms Choline 36.5 mg Vitamin D 0.7 mcg
Disadvantages of shiitake mushrooms:
The degree of safety of shiitake mushrooms Shiitake mushrooms are often considered safe when consumed in their natural proportions found in food, but it is likely that it is unsafe to be consumed in medicinal quantities, as it would cause stomach upset, an imbalance in the levels of indicators related to blood, swelling or inflammation of the skin, and respiratory problems. It can also increase the sensitivity of the skin to the sun, and the occurrence of an allergic reaction to it, and it is worth noting that there is not enough information yet about the degree of its safety for pregnant and lactating women, so it is preferable to avoid its consumption.
Disadvantages of using shiitake mushrooms:
There are some health conditions in which it is preferable to eat shiitake mushrooms with caution and in reasonable proportions, as it may cause some disorders, and we mention the following:
People with autoimmune diseases:
As mentioned above, the consumption of shiitake mushrooms from people with autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis, may exacerbate the symptoms of these diseases due to its ability to stimulate the immune system, and accordingly it is preferable for patients with these conditions to avoid consuming it.
It is one of the disorders that affect the blood, and it is preferable for people with this disorder to avoid consuming shiitake mushrooms, as it would worsen their health condition.
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Drug interactions with shiitake mushrooms:
Some immunosuppressive drugs can interact to a moderate degree with shiitake mushrooms, so it is preferable to be careful and consult a doctor before consuming them, because this mushroom may increase the activity of the immune system, thus reducing the effect of drugs that suppress its functions, and among the drugs that suppress the immune system: azathioprine Azathioprine, cyclosporin, and daclizumab.
An overview of shiitake mushrooms:
The name of the shiitake mushroom is Japanese;
It means the oak tree mushroom, and it is an edible and high-priced food in the Asian region due to its flavor, and its beneficial properties for health, in addition to being an essential agricultural commodity in Japan, which is the main exporter of shiitake mushrooms to nearly half the world, and the color of shiitake mushrooms ranges between brown To dark brown, and has a cap or hat ranging in length from 5 to 10 centimeters, and this mushroom is one of the edible mushrooms, it is eaten like vegetables, and it is one of the fungi that grows in trees with decomposing hardwoods, and shiitake mushrooms are available fresh, and dried, and used in both forms. In cooking soups, french fries, stews, and other dishes, it is also used in many nutritional supplements.
Other benefits of mushrooms:
Mushrooms are available in many types, shapes, sizes, and colors, and it is worth noting that non-toxic types are very useful, in addition to their delicious taste, and in fact, mushrooms in general are one of the fungi that provide the body with many important nutrients, but the proportion of These elements vary from one type to another, but in general, most of them are rich in protein, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, which makes them provide many health benefits.
Most important references:Kerri-Ann Jennings (14-6-2019), " Why Shiitake Mushrooms Are Good For You "، www.healthline.com, Retrieved 2-6-2020. Edited. Cathy Wong (1-3-2020), " Shiitake Mushroom Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits "، www.verywellfit.com, Retrieved 3-6-2020. Edited. Hyun Yang, Inho Hwang, Sun Kim, and others (12-2013), " Lentinus edodes promotes fat removal in hypercholesterolemic mice ", Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, Issue 6, Folder 6, Page 1409-1413. Edited. Yearul KABIR, Mami YAMAGUCHI, Shuichi KIMURA (10-1987), " Effect of Shiitake (Lentinus edodes) and Maitake (Grjfola frondosa) Mushrooms on Blood Pressure and Plasma Lipids of Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats ", " Producing Shiitake Mushrooms ", www.ruralaction.org, Retrieved 2-6-2020. Edited. Rena Goldman (11-10-2017), " Are Mushrooms Good for You ?"، www.healthline.com, Retrieved 3-6-2020. Edited. Megan Ware (6-11-2019), " What is the nutritional value of mushrooms ?"، www.medicalnewstoday.com, Retrieved 3-6-2020. Edited.
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